There are several different versions of mesh fabric, but this fabric is characterized by its lightweight and breathable texture. Unlike most fabrics that have a tightly woven texture, mesh fabrics are loosely woven, resulting in thousands of small holes per mesh garment.
The concept of grids has been around for thousands of years. For example, every type of netting in existence is made from netting, a material that is also used to make things like hammocks. However, it wasn't until the end of the 19th century that textile innovators started using mesh for clothing.
Mesh fabric for garments is made using a variety of different techniques, depending on the type of fibers that make up it. While nylon and polyester are very similar in many ways, polyester was developed decades after nylon, which means that the production of this synthetic material follows a more advanced manufacturing process.
Although the process used to make these two fabric fibers is different, for each type of fiber, the process begins with the refining of petroleum. Polyamide monomers are then extracted from this oil, which is then reacted with various forms of acid to produce polymers.
These polymers are usually solid after the reaction, they are then melted and forced through a spinneret to form polymer strands. Once the strands have cooled, they can be loaded onto spools and shipped to a textile manufacturing facility to be made into mesh fabric.
In most cases, mesh fabric manufacturers will dye polyester or nylon fibers before weaving them into fabrics. Textile manufacturers can then weave these fibers in many different ways to create various forms of mesh. For example, many types of grids follow a basic square pattern that has proven effective for thousands of years.